Allergen: any substance that causes the immunity system to trigger and fight against it. In normal cases, and in the majority this happens when foreign bodies such as bacteria, enter our body. However, innocent and harmless bodies (proteins) such as pollen, peanuts, milk, penicillin etc. may not be recognized by out immune system and keep thinking of them being a harmful foreign body. On the other hand, wasps and other insects produce allergens as a self defense for themselves. For a list of allergens click here.
(Also known as immunoglobulin) A protein that is made by one of
the types of white blood cell that is capable of neutralizing an antigen
for the protection of our body against bacteria, viruses, toxins etc.
However, inappropriate or excessive formation of antibodies may lead
to illnesses such as allergy.
Enzyme: a protein acting as a catalyst in a biochemical reaction. Enzymes are assigned a specific function to help a reaction to occur without exhausting themselves. Therefore, enzymes are considered to be very efficient proteins that have a large effect even in small quantities.
Glucose: the sugar found in our blood stream. Glucose is produced in our digestive system by breaking down other sugars that are introduced by food we consume, e.g. fruits have fructose, sugar cane has sucrose.
Immunoglobulin: see antibody
Lactase: the enzyme which is responsible to break down lactose into glucose. It is produced by the cells in the lining of the small intestine.
Lactose: the sugar produced by animals and human being found in milk. Lactose is broken down in our digestive system by the help of an enzyme protein called lactase.
White Cells: one of three types of cells found in our blood circulation. There are five types of blood cells each carrying specific functions but all are related to help fight against diseases. One type known as B-lymphocytes turn into plasma cells to produce antibodies.